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STDs You Might Have Without Knowing It

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Cases of some sexually transmitted diseases have reached an all-time high, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. From 2014 to 2015, there was a 6% increase in diagnosed cases of chlamydia and a 13% increase in gonorrhea.The craziest part: The actual number of people with STDs is probably much higher than what the CDC is reporting, because many people have no clue they’re infected, the CDC says. That’s because STDs often show no noticeable symptoms.



“Sexually transmitted infections are often called a ‘silent epidemic’ for the very reason that they don’t typically have outward signs,” says Debby Herbenick, PhD, MPH, a sex researcher at the University of Indiana.This means that you could be infected and not even know it—and same goes for your partner. Read on for 4 common STDs that might have already snuck up on you, and what you should do about it. (Lose up to 25 pounds in 2 months—and look more radiant than ever—with Prevention’s new Younger In 8 Weeks plan!)

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Gonorrhea

gonorrhea

This bacterial illness is spread through unprotected vaginal, oral, or anal sex. As a result, it can cause infections in your genitals, rectum, or throat.

Condoms are nearly 100% effective at preventing transmission of the disease, says Khalil Ghanem, MD, PhD, associate professor of medicine and infectious disease at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Signs of gonorrhea: Women often don’t have any symptoms, says Herbenick. And when they do, the signs are usually mild and may mimic a bladder infection—meaning you may not know you’re infected, and there’s no way for you to tell during sex.

As for guys: If the infection is in his throat or rectum, he probably won’t have any symptoms, says Dr. Ghanem. If the bacteria is targeting his penis, he may have a greenish or yellowish penile discharge or a burning sensation when he pees, Dr. Ghanem says. Testicular pain is another possibility, although it’s rare. These problems usually creep up 3 to 5 days after an exposure. Left untreated, gonorrhea can cause something called epididymitis, an inflammation of testicles that may lead to infertility.
How to detect gonorrhea: The CDC recommends routine annual screenings depending on risk factors like how often you have new partners. But ask your doctor what’s right for you, says Herbenick.

How to treat gonorrhea: The good news is that gonorrhea can usually be cured with antibiotics. But some gonorrhea strains are resistant to antibiotics, so make sure to follow up with your doctor to make sure all the bacteria has been killed, says Herbenick.

Chlamydia

chlamydia

Chlamydia, another bacterial infection, is spread through unprotected vaginal, oral, or anal sex, says Dr. Ghanem. As with gonorrhea, condoms are nearly 100% effective at preventing the spread.

Signs of chlamydia: Chlamydia rarely has noticeable symptoms in either women or men, says Herbenick. In the off-chance you do show signs of infection, the symptoms could include abnormal vaginal discharge or burning when you pee. Severe infections can damage your reproductive system—and may even require surgery.
How to detect chlamydia: Ask your doctor about testing.

How to treat chlamydia: Chlamydia can be cured with antibiotics.

Herpes

herpes

Genital herpes is caused by two viruses: Herpes simplex type 1 (HSV1), which usually affects your mouth as cold sores, and herpes simplex type 2 (HSV2), which mainly targets your genitals.

Sexual contact can spread your partner’s oral herpes to your genitals or her genital herpes to your mouth. The virus can be spread even if you—or your partner—don’t have any signs of it.

Wearing condoms can help protect you, but not completely: They’re only 80% effective for preventing herpes transmission, says Dr. Ghanem. That’s partly because the virus can live on parts of your skin that aren’t covered by the condom.

Signs of herpes: Up to 70% of people infected with the virus don’t have symptoms, Dr. Ghanem says.

If you do, you may notice blisters or ulcers on your genitals, or just feel some burning and itching.
When first infected, some patients will develop fevers, chills, swollen lymph nodes, headaches, and fatigue.

How to detect herpes: Have your doctor take a look at any suspicious sores.

How to treat herpes: There’s no cure for genital herpes, but antiviral drugs can ease your symptoms, according to the CDC.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

HPV

HPV, which comprises more than 150 related viruses, is the most common STI, according to the CDC.There are two main types: low risk, which usually only cause genital warts, and high risk, which can lead to cervical cancer. You can catch it via intercourse, oral sex, or even skin-to-skin contact during sex.Using condoms during sex can help reduce, but not eliminate, your chances of infection, says Michael Krychman, MD, executive director of the Southern California Center for Sexual Health.Signs of HPV: “HPV almost never has visible symptoms,” says Herbenick. Most strains don’t cause warts, and when they do, they’re often tiny—not like the “scare photos” from your high school’s health class.How to detect HPV: Unfortunately, there are no currently recommended tests to detect HPV in men, Dr. Ghanem says. A Pap test during cervical cancer screening can identify HPV in women.How to treat HPV: While warts can be frozen off, removing the lesion doesn’t cure your infection. The warts can recur and the infection can still be spread, Dr. Ghanem explains. That’s why vaccination and wearing condoms is especially important to help reduce your risk, says Dr. Krychman.

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Health & Lifestyle

Soft Drink after hot exercise endangers kidney.

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Downing a cool soft drink after a hot workout can feel refreshing. However, according to the latest research, it may cause further dehydration and interfere with kidney function.

Caffeinated soft drinks that are high in fructose are hugely popular worldwide. They need no introduction.



The beverages have been widely lambasted for their potential role in both the obesity and diabetes crises, and a recent study may add a fresh health risk to the growing list.

Researchers from the University at Buffalo in New York recently assessed soft drinks’ impact on kidney health when consumed during and after physical exertion.

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When we exercise in a hot environment, blood that flows through the kidneys is reduced. This helps regulate blood pressure and conserve water. It is a normal response and causes no harm.

However, in clinical settings, a steep drop in blood flow through the kidneys can cause acute kidney injury (AKI) because of the accompanying drop in oxygen supply to the tissues.

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Earlier studies have shown that exercise, in general, but particularly in higher temperatures, increases biomarkers of AKI.

At the same time, research also indicates that consuming a high-fructose soft drink increases AKI risk in rats experiencing dehydration.

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Somalia empowers President to appoint foreigner as Central bank governor.

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Somali lawmakers voted on Monday to allow the president to appoint a foreigner as governor of the central bank of the volatile Horn of Africa nation.



Previously only a citizen could be appointed to the role as is the case across much of the continent. The vote was held in the lower house of the parliament.

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An overwhelming majority of lawmakers (158) voted for the change as proposed by the government of President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo and Prime Minister Ali Hassan Khayre.

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Seventeen MPs kicked against the move even though the government justified the proposal by saying the country needed every available expertise to change its fortunes.

Even though there is no known foreign candidate for the role, a presidential assent – which is seen as procedural – will see government headhunt for a a new bank chief.

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