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Simple lifestyle changes could prevent lung cancer cases

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Health

Lung cancer is a deadly disease that never ends nicely. People die in suffering and it is extremely difficult even for their families. However, it doesn‘t have to be that way. Scientists from UNSW Sydney revealed that four in five lung cancers are completely preventable through healthy lifestyle. That includes not smoking, boosting fruit intake and being physically active.



This research pooled seven Australian cohort studies of 370,000 people. In other words, it is very broad and its results are respectable. Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of death both in Australia and worldwide. It causes huge expenditures for healthcare systems, it destroys lives of the families of the patient, it causes suffering and pain. Currently, smoking is the cause for around the half of lung cancer cases. Of course, the best decision is to quit, but this new study showed that the lung cancer risk remained elevated for 40 years after stopping smoking. However, out of the 74,600 lung cancers attributable to current smoking in Australia in the next 10 years 25,400 could be avoided if all current smokers were to quit.

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However, quitting smoking is not enough to avoid cancer, even if it is the majority of the battle. This study also showed that eating two serves (about 300 grams) of fruit each day may reduce the lung cancer burden by 8%, and doing the recommended 150 minutes of moderate or 75 minutes of vigorous physical activity each week may reduce the lung cancer burden by 16%. In fact, situation with fruit and exercising is much worse than with smoking. For example, 16 % of people in Australia are smokers, but 74% are not meeting guidelines for physical activity. 50 % of people are not eating enough fruit, which is strange, because fruit is delicious. But scientists are still pointing their fingers at smoking.

Dr Maarit Laaksonen, one of the authors of the paper, said: “The majority of Australians could benefit from increasing their fruit intake and physical activity. But for those who currently smoke, stopping smoking should be the first course of action”. But what are scientists suggesting? They are saying that steps must be two-fold. Population must be very well-informed about the harms of smoking and benefits of not smoking. And then a strong structure must be created to help people who want to quit smoking.

A lot of smokers are admitting that they want to quit but simply cannot, because they return to this bad habit. Doctors can help them replacing the social function of smoking with something else. In fact, even e-cigarettes can be a simple gradual step towards quitting completely.

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Health & Lifestyle

Soft Drink after hot exercise endangers kidney.

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Downing a cool soft drink after a hot workout can feel refreshing. However, according to the latest research, it may cause further dehydration and interfere with kidney function.

Caffeinated soft drinks that are high in fructose are hugely popular worldwide. They need no introduction.



The beverages have been widely lambasted for their potential role in both the obesity and diabetes crises, and a recent study may add a fresh health risk to the growing list.

Researchers from the University at Buffalo in New York recently assessed soft drinks’ impact on kidney health when consumed during and after physical exertion.

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When we exercise in a hot environment, blood that flows through the kidneys is reduced. This helps regulate blood pressure and conserve water. It is a normal response and causes no harm.

However, in clinical settings, a steep drop in blood flow through the kidneys can cause acute kidney injury (AKI) because of the accompanying drop in oxygen supply to the tissues.

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Earlier studies have shown that exercise, in general, but particularly in higher temperatures, increases biomarkers of AKI.

At the same time, research also indicates that consuming a high-fructose soft drink increases AKI risk in rats experiencing dehydration.

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Somalia empowers President to appoint foreigner as Central bank governor.

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Somali lawmakers voted on Monday to allow the president to appoint a foreigner as governor of the central bank of the volatile Horn of Africa nation.



Previously only a citizen could be appointed to the role as is the case across much of the continent. The vote was held in the lower house of the parliament.

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An overwhelming majority of lawmakers (158) voted for the change as proposed by the government of President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo and Prime Minister Ali Hassan Khayre.

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Seventeen MPs kicked against the move even though the government justified the proposal by saying the country needed every available expertise to change its fortunes.

Even though there is no known foreign candidate for the role, a presidential assent – which is seen as procedural – will see government headhunt for a a new bank chief.

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