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Knowing Africa

VIDEO: Longest Rivers Found In Africa



20 Longest rivers in the African continent

Africa continent combined of hot and pleasant places such as desert, rain forest and plains, the rivers here longer and acquires lots of drainage area since the continent large in size and thousands of tributaries join to the rivers. Many countries in Africa naturally rich by a depth of forest with the variety of Animals including endangered. The Rivers usually flow heavily in the rainy season and create many streams which merge to main rivers where that Make Rivers size larger could be longer. As everyone knows the Nile is the longest river on earth that measured officially but there are some discussions whether Nile or Amazon is the longest in the World.

1. Nile River

The Nile is the longest River in Africa and even in the World which flows through 11 African countries (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Egypt, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and South Sudan). The main outflow is Mediterranean and its total length is about 6,650 km, the Drainage area of 3,254,555 km2 with average discharge around 5,100 cubic meters per second.

Length: 6,650 km

Countries: Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Egypt, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan

2. Zaire (Congo–Chambeshi)

Merge into the Atlantic Ocean and flow through many countries and different landscapes meet this river including desert and rain forest. The Congo River length is 4,700 km with a discharge of 41,800 cubic meters per second.

Length: 4,700 km

Countries: Countries: The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Cameroon, Zambia, Burundi, Rwanda

3. Niger River

The third longest river in Africa with main source water from Guinea Highlands in Southern Guinea, and merges into the Atlantic Ocean, it has the total discharge of 9,570 cubic meters per second. Its primary tributaries are Sokoto River, Kaduna River, Benue River, Bani River and flow through many cities.

Length: 4,200 km

Countries: Nigeria, Mali, Niger, Algeria, Guinea, Cameroon, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Benin, Chad

4. Zambezi

The fourth longest, its water source starts from Mwinilunga in Zambia and flowing into the Indian ocean, the famous Victoria Falls and Chavuma Falls created by Zambazi. Its average discharge is around 3,400 cubic meters per second with the catchment area of 1,390,000 km2.

Length: 2,693 km

Countries: Zambia, Angola, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Tanzania, Namibia, Botswana

5. Ubangi–Uele

Ubangi and Ulele rivers are the longest tributaries of Congo River which flow into the Congo River, the combined Ubangi, and Ulele length is about 2,270 km. The Rivers are important transport artery between Bangui and Brazzaville, its drainage basin 772,800 km2.

Length: 2,270 km

Countries: The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo

6. Kasai River

The Kasai is flowing into Congo River at Kwamouth northeast of Kinshasa, the main tributaries include the Fimi, Kwango and Sankuru rivers, and the catchment Area is about 880,200 km2, the most valuable diamond found in this river.

Length: 2,153 km

Countries: Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo

7. Orange River

The primary water source is Thaba Putsoa located in Maloti Mountains in Lesotho and Orange River is the longest river in South Africa and plays the important role in the economy by providing water for irrigation and hydroelectricity, its drainage basin is 973,000 km2.

Length: 2,092 km

Countries: South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho

8. Limpopo River

It rises in central southern Africa and flowing into the Indian ocean, it discharges 170 cubic meters per second at its mouth with the drainage basin of 415,000 km2 in size, its main water source is Marico and Crocodile river which located in Botswana and South Africa border at the elevation of 872 meters.

Length: 1,800 km

Countries: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Botswana

9. Senegal River

Senegal River named after the country Senegal has 2 large dams along its course, the river has drainage basin of 270,000 km2 with a mean flow of 60 cubic meters per second at its mouth in the Atlantic Ocean.

Length: 1,641 km

Countries: Guinea, Senegal, Mali, Mauritania

10. Blue Nile River

The Blue Nile is the tributary of Nile River and its origin from Lesser Abay and Lake Tana, creates Blue Nile Falls at Lake Tana, the flow of the Blue Nile reaches maximum volume in the rainy season to 2,349 cubic meters per second with a catchment area of 325,000 km2.

Length: 1,600 km

Countries: Ethiopia, Sudan

11. Okavango River

Length: 1,600 km

Countries: Namibia, Angola, Botswana

12. Volta River

Length: 1,600 km

Countries: Ghana, Burkina Faso, Togo, Côte d’Ivoire, Benin

13. Jubba–Shebelle River

Length: 1,580 km

Countries: Ethiopia, Somalia

14. Benue River

Length: 1,400 km

Countries: Cameroon, Nigeria

15. Lomami River

Length: 1,280 km

Countries: The Democratic Republic of the Congo

16. Vaal River

Length: 1,210 km

Countries: South Africa

17. Shire River

Length: 1,200 km

Countries: Mozambique, Malawi

18. Sankuru River

Length: 1,150 km

Countries: The Democratic Republic of the Congo

19. Kwango River

Length: 1,000 km

Countries: Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo

20. Draa River

Length: 1,000 km

Countries: Morocco

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Knowing Africa

Top 10 Beautiful Cities Across Africa



Beautiful Africa
In as much that Africa is perceived as the poorest continent in the world, there are some cities on the continent that would make you want to have a second thought about the general perception. These cities can rub shoulders with some big cities of the world such as Madrid, Rio De Janeiro, Buenos Aires, Paris and even Tokyo. Let’s take a look at the top 10 cities that made the list of Top 10 Most Beautiful Cities In Africa.

Considered the poorest continent on the planet, Africa is the home to 54 sovereign nations with some progressing nations who are quite wealthy like Morocco, Tunisia, South Africa and Nigeria.

Nigeria in particular is an international oil industry player; and until recently was by far Africa’s biggest producer of oil with over 2.5 million barrels produced every day.

In 2015, Nigeria was not only Africa’s largest oil producer, but also the fifth highest exporter of oil in the world and Africa’s largest economy. For the past decade Nigeria, Morocco, Equatorial Guinea and Angola has seen some admirable developments.

Albeit the story for Nigeria is changing, with the recent economic recession that has plagued the country. Not forgetting the renewed activities of the Niger-Delta Militants which has impeded oil production.

However, that is an issue for another day; let’s see the top 10 most beautiful cities in Africa. The Africa you don’t see on TV!

Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya


10. Luanda, Angola – Facts About Angola

Capital of Africa’s second largest oil producer, Luanda is home to the nation’s main seaport and administrative center. In the past decade, this city has achieved the most developments among any city in Africa. With the help of China International Trust and Investment Corporation (CITIC), Luanda is looking more like a western country.

9. Agadir, Morocco

Capital of Agadir-Ida Ou Tanane province, Agadir is one of the major urban centres of Morocco. The city has been rebuilt after the 1960 earthquake. It is now Morocco’s largest seaside resort; attracting tourists from all over the world.


8. Nairobi, Kenya – Facts About Kenya

Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya
Kenya’s largest city and capital, Nairobi is the most populous city in eastern Africa. It is one of the most leading cities in Africa, both politically and financially (Africa’s 4th largest exchange in terms of trading volume).


7. Cape Town, South Africa – 31 Interesting facts about South Africa

The second-most populous city in South Africa, Cape Town is famous for its harbour, Table Mountain and Cape Point. It is the most popular international tourist destination in South Africa.

6. Cairo, Egypt

The home of civilization, Cairo is Egypt’s capital and the largest city in the Middle-East and second-largest in Africa after Lagos. This city was named the “world’s most 24-hour city” in 2011 by Badoo ahead of New York and Paris.

5. Port Louis, Mauritius

The capital city of Mauritius, Port Louis is one of Africa’s main financial centers. The city is mostly overshadowed by its financial hub, tourism, manufacturing sector, and port facilities. This nation languages include English and French.

4. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania – Facts About Tanzania

Former capital, richest and largest city in Tanzania, Dar es Salaam is the major city for both business and government in Tanzania.

3. Abuja, Nigeria

Nigeria’s capital, Abuja was built in the 80’s before being disposing Lagos as the capital city of the most populous black nation in the world by the administration of General Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida (IBB) in 1991. The city is one of the richest and most expensive in Africa.

2. Tunis, Tunisia

Tunis is both the capital and the largest city of Tunisia. The greater metropolitan area of Tunis, often referred to as Grand Tunis, holds some 2,700,000 inhabitants. As the capital city of the country, Tunis is the focus of Tunisian political and administrative life; it is also the centre of the country’s commercial activity.

1. Johannesburg, South Africa – 31 Interesting facts about South Africa

By population, Johannesburg is the largest and wealthiest city in South Africa. Called Africa’s economic powerhouse, this city is also the largest economy of any metropolitan region in Sub-Saharan Africa.

15 Alice Lane Towers (Johannesburg, South Africa)

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