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FOOD & CUISINE

20 Weight-Loss-Friendly Foods on The Planet

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20 Weight-Loss-Friendly Foods on The Planet

It can be a little deflating to find out you’re still overweight despite your best attempts at a diet. It has involved starving yourself for long periods during the day and reducing the portions you eat, yet those sneaky few extra pounds have refused to budge.

Sometimes, you’re carrying more than a few extra pounds and the additional weight can have a huge impact on your physical & mental well-being. There is the occasional struggle with your self-image as well as the increased risk for a number of serious diseases including diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and certain cancer types. It’s a situation that can affect your work, relationships, and other day-to-day activities – even raising your stress levels.

In order to enjoy a full and healthy life, you’ve got to make sure that you manage your weight properly. Devising an effective weight loss program begins with understanding the foundation for any good diet; What you eat is just as important as how much you eat. Different foods pass through various metabolic pathways in the body and can have widely varied effects on hunger, hormones and how many calories we burn.

Losing all that weight that’s become a real bother may seem like a daunting task but knowing which foods are the best for weight loss makes it so much easier. Even if your weight loss program is going well, the right food choices can give you an extra boost and help you achieve your goals quicker. They also reduce the amount of time you need to put in the gym, making your path to fitness easier.

These 16 foods are sure to help you drop those unwanted pounds in no time.

  1. Oats

20 Weight-Loss-Friendly Foods on The Planet

A simple breakfast of oatmeal can be more than enough not only to satisfy you but to help prevent hunger and keep you full for longer. Besides preventing you from overeating, it’s chuck full of fibre that’s great for regular bowel movement and reducing water retention.

The grains also contain high resistance starch that helps fat burning (and reduces fat storing) by keeping insulin levels low since it does not significantly cause an increase in blood sugar (unlike refined carbohydrates).

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2. Brown Rice

20 Weight-Loss-Friendly Foods on The Planet

Rice is such a big part of our everyday diet that it’s nearly impossible to avoid it completely when we’re dieting. This makes brown rice a very excellent alternative to the more common, high-calorie white rice. It is a heartier, fibre-filled, low-energy-density food which means that it’s heavy and filling but low in calories.

It contains a rich supply of energizing vitamins that boost metabolism and helps you burn calories faster. It’s also full of muscle-strengthening proteins that are great for flattening and toning your belly.

3. Fruits

20 Weight-Loss-Friendly Foods on The Planet

They’re fresh, juicy and are very good for anyone. They contain natural sugars – which are much better than processed sugars. They also have a low energy density and take a while to chew – meaning you feel fuller for longer with less caloric intake.

There’s a host of fruits to choose from and different fruits contribute in different ways to maximizing the effects of your weight loss plan. You can also combine them into a fruit salad for greater variety and increased impact.

Apples are very rich in fibre and keep you satisfied for long periods of time. Pectin, a type of fibre in apple, also keeps cells from absorbing fats and encourages water absorption which helps remove fat deposits from the body.

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Avocados are amazing for curbing hunger and contain healthy fats called monounsaturated fat that improves metabolism. They also boost the removal of unwanted belly fat and contain other nutrients that aid digestion. They are a very healthy option for your salad dressings and spreads.

Bananas (Especially the unripe ones) are good examples of foods high in resistant starch which have been shown to have several beneficial effects that may contribute to weight loss. Its presence leads to decreased appetite and decreased fat storage in fat cells. They also have high levels of potassium that provide energy boosts and relieve water retention.

Conversely, you can opt for plantains (preferably unripe) – boiled not fried – since they have the same effect.

Cucumber and Water melon are both members of the melon family and have great slimming properties. Both the whole and extracts of cucumber are excellent diuretics which are very beneficial in the treatment of fluid retention in any part of the body. These fruits have reduced number of calories.

Berries are incredibly delicious but they’re also very healthy and can improve the effects of a weight loss diet. They’re rich in antioxidants that make it harder to pack on any extra pounds and are a great snack that can help keep unhealthy food cravings at bay – all while being low calorie. Enjoy blueberries or raspberries in moderation to get the best results.

Grapefruits are very effective at producing a filling effect that means you eat less calories. It also enhances your body’s efforts at burning all that extra fat. In addition, it’s great for the heart with tons of vitamins and minerals that contribute to protecting the heart from damage.

Guavas, Lemons and Oranges contain Vitamin C that helps to boosts the efforts of exercise while lowering stress that may potentially cause weight gain. They also contain lots of fibre and have low calories.

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Other weight-loss boosting fruits include Pawpaw, Peaches, and Pear.

4. Beans

It’s relatively cheap, readily available and can be cooked in more than a number of ways. Packed to the brim with nutrients, low in calories and high in fibre, beans may serve as a readily available option while trying to achieve your weight loss objectives.

It’s great for firming up muscles and keeping your body toned. It can also lower “bad” LDL cholesterol levels in the blood that are associated with high blood pressure. It also contains some resistant starch that helps with weight loss.

5. Low-Fat Yogurt

Tasty, low-fat yogurt is a great choice of food if you want to lose weight. It is stacked with probiotics – helpful bacteria – that help decrease the amount of fat your body absorbs. This makes your effort to burn the excess weight with activity and exercise even that much more effective.

It doesn’t contain any artificial sweeteners or preservatives and also aids in digestion – reducing bloating and stomach discomfort. More so, low-fat yogurt is low-calorie and full of protein that’s great for muscle building.

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You can learn how to make homemade yogurt that’s a cheap and easy alternative to buying from a store right here.

6. Coffee

A lot of people already drink a cup of coffee every morning to wake them up and give them the jolt they need to get going but did you know that coffee can help you lose weight?

The caffeine in coffee not only improves your alertness, it is effective in stimulating increased lipase – an enzyme that helps the breakdown of fat either during digestion or activity – that boosts weight loss. Coffee also reduces the amount of fat your body absorbs and contains antioxidants that help to boost metabolism.

Furthermore, since caffeine is a diuretic, it helps your body to get rid of excess fluids and waste products. A healthy bowel movement is necessary for effective weight loss.

However, care must be taken whenever you decide to take coffee, as its consumption has been associated with dehydration, hypertension, diabetes, negative interactions with some medication, etc.

7. Low-fat Milk

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Low-fat milk is highly rich in calcium and protein making it a powerhouse food for those looking to lose weight fast. Calcium is very effective at speeding up the process of weight loss and will greatly boost your personal efforts in the gym.

The more calcium there is in a fat cell, the more fat the cell will burn — and the greater the weight loss,” says Michael Zemel, PhD, director of The Nutrition Institute at the University of Tennessee at Knoxville, is actually the hero of this tale.

It also helps to reduce appetite, meaning you feel the need to eat less. In a study by the American Society for Nutrition, six scientist concluded that “the addition of calcium, [with or without protein], suppresses appetite and produces overcompensation of subsequent energy intake

The protein content is also a good source of low-calorie, slow-release energy that ensures you feel fuller with less portions, without adding unwanted calories. Drink a glass of milk with meals or work milk into your cooking with excellent milk-based recipes, and watch all that fat disappear.

8. Fish

Oily fish like salmon, tuna, and mackerel are very rich sources of healthy fats, protein and other important nutrients that enrich your body without adding any unnecessary calories. They also regulate the amount of Leptin – a fat burning hormone – thereby accelerating your weight loss.

The omega-3 fatty acids in the fish are great for lowering blood pressure and improve heart function. It also helps prevent inflammation in your body, improving recovery after a killer workout – that leads to building more metabolism-boosting muscles in the long term.

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In addition, the iodine content aids in maintaining high metabolism as it contributes to the regular functioning of the thyroid.

9. Whole Eggs

Eggs are already a major part of our breakfast plans, and the protein-filled food is an incredible option for those looking to lose weight fast. You can eat less and feel fuller for longer and the nutrients in the yolk are a mini-meal. It also improves fat-burning and keep belly fat at bay.

Worried about the cholesterol level? There’s really nothing to be scared of. It has similar cholesterol levels with most proteins and does not increase the risk of heart disease. Excessive consumption may be detrimental though and an average of 2-3 per week may just be safe for an adult. Boil until the yoke is a golden yellow and enjoy maximum nourishment while achieving your goals.

10. Boiled Potatoes

It doesn’t matter if you’re a fan of sweet potatoes or prefer Irish potatoes, both contain resistant starch that’s great for losing weight quickly. They’re full of carbs but they’re also high in fibre allowing you feel satiated – and not craving snacks – for a longer period of time with less quantity than your regular carbs.

It’s a good idea not to overindulge though. Even the most-calorie friendly meals can start to add up once you eat them a bit too much. Also, avoid frying them and eat the boiled ones with the skin which is very rich in fibre.

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11. Apple Cider Vinegar

This may not be the most popular ingredient in your kitchen but it’s a good second option in salad dressing and unlike cream and butter, it helps you lose those pesky extra pounds you’ve been looking to shake off.

It’s very useful for detoxing, acting as a digestive tonic that aids in flushing out toxin, seeing off harmful bacteria in the intestines and reduces water retention in the stomach. It also helps to reduce fat absorption in the blood, as well as feel satiated for extended periods, ensuring you eat less.

12. Vegetables

Vegetables are the ultimate weight loss food. They contain low calories – even lower carbs or sugars – zero fats, and a high amount of nutritious vitamins as well as minerals that not only help you lose weight but improve your overall health.

They also have a very high fibre content that allows you eat less and feel fuller without worrying about any unwanted calories.

The abundance of different vegetables that are available leaves you spoilt for choice and you should embrace the variety. What’s more, they’re incredibly versatile and can be cooked in more than a number of ways. Whether it’s spinach, beets, cabbage, lettuce, waterleaf, bitterleaf, or pumpkin (ugwu), vegetables should be at the core of any proper weight loss diet.

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The enriching vitamins & minerals boost immunity, aid detoxification, reduce bloating & stomach discomfort all while accelerating the burning of fat in the body.

13. Honey

A natural substitute for refined sugar, honey is a very nice alternative as a sweetener for anyone on a weight loss program. Without all the extra calories in refined sugar, honey helps boost weight loss and reduces weight gain.

It is also good treatment for cough, catarrh as well as cold and has a wide-range of antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal properties. Care must be taken in its consumption if there are other medical conditions that is being managed other than obesity.

14. Green Tea

Green tea is a popular choice among people trying to lose weight and rightly so. Providing the same hydrating and refreshing effects as water, it’s an easy occasional substitute that you can pack in a flask. It aids in burning of fat by boosting metabolism and can significantly enhance the effects of a workout.

It also contains antioxidants that hinder the accumulation of belly fat reducing the time it takes to lose most of the weight. What’s more, it’s helps the removal of excess fluid from the body that may cause bloating and discomfort.

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A lot of people often try to use Green tea as a quick fix and although it may provide energy boosts that extend workout sessions for even greater effect, it needs to be part of a healthy diet – not a solution to an unhealthy one.

15. Peppers

They’re pretty common but yet most people are unaware that they are a very good for losing weight quickly. No matter which you choose to use – green, red or chilli peppers – they all boost metabolism and contain a lot of water that refreshes, aids digestion and helps you feel satiated.

They’re rich in antioxidants that inhibit the storing of belly fat, and can help reduce appetite as well as increase the burning of fat. Peppers also contain Vitamin C that is useful for keeping sweet cravings at bay. Quantities to add to meals should be as body can tolerate or based on specific nutrient needs.

16. Nuts

If you’re looking for a quick snack between meals that can help you eat less, nuts are a perfect choice. They’re an easy distraction from cravings and trigger hormones that can curb appetite. In addition, you feel fuller for longer by chewing more – something that’s a natural part of eating nuts. Enjoy them in moderation and watch the fat drop away.

Bite-sized, low calorie and containing balanced amounts of protein, healthy fats as well as fibre, nuts are nature’s weight-loss pills. You also have a wide range of options including almonds, pistachios, Brazil nuts, raw peanuts, and pine nuts.

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Almonds are especially good for weight loss, providing an energy boost, maintaining high metabolism and contributing to burning of fat in the body. They’re rich in antioxidants, magnesium, and Vitamin B2, which are very helpful for combating stress – that could potentially cause weight gain. For the best results, eat them just before a workout to improve the effects of the exercises.

On a final note…

 

Drink lots of water and make sure to avoid sodas or sugary drinks. Water is great for filling you up so you eat less and contains no calories or artificial sugars.

Don’t forget to stick to your diet and exercise regularly to maximize the effect of these superfoods. In no time, you’ll be trim as well as healthy and fit.

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FOOD & CUISINE

Pho: One Tasty Vietnamese Soupy Noodle Delicacy You Must Try

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Pho: One Tasty Vietnamese Soupy Noodle Delicacy You Must Try

What is Pho, and Why Is it So Famous?

In Vietnam, pho is more than just a soup served in households, street stalls, and restaurants countrywide. Some international menus are starting to boast of the meal as well. It holds a special place in the country’s cultural identity. Considered the most famous national dish of Vietnam, pho at its most basic consists of a clear beef- or chicken-based broth, rice noodles, herbs, and thinly sliced meats. It may also be served with bean sprouts, fresh herbs, limes or lemons, chiles, and other garnishes. What’s in a bowl of Pho?

Pho: One Tasty Vietnamese Soupy Noodle Delicacy You Must Try

IS PHO HEALTHY?

Broth made from animal bones can help build strength in your own bones. It’s also a great source of other minerals and vitamins that keep your body functioning to the best of its ability. Many pho recipes are teeming with nutrient-packed herbs and veggies and typically includes some sort of meat that is rich in proteins. It is gluten-free as it uses rice noodles. Benefits aside, you shouldn’t overdo it.

Sweetener & Spices in Traditional Pho Recipe

Pho: One Tasty Vietnamese Soupy Noodle Delicacy You Must Try

THE ORIGINS OF PHO

The sweetener is the most crucial ingredient in the pho recipe. It should not be too sweet or too sour, but just right to make your taste buds dance with joy.

The traditional way of making noodles for Pho is also pretty straightforward. Making Pho noodles by yourself is easy!

How to Eat a Bowl of Pho the Vietnamese Way

Pho is a traditional Vietnamese noodle soup that people eat for breakfast, lunch, or dinner. There are many different ways to enjoy this dish.

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Pho: One Tasty Vietnamese Soupy Noodle Delicacy You Must Try

It’s important to remember that the bowl of Pho is not just for eating the noodles but to enjoy the flavors of all the different components. If you’ve never had Pho before, now might be a good time to try it. And don’t worry about getting it wrong! There are plenty of people who share your enthusiasm for this unique dish and will be eager to help you out.

INGREDIENTS AND PREPARATION

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FOOD & CUISINE

8 Best Foods to Help You Gain Weight Healthily

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So much nutrition and diet advice is aimed at losing weight, but if you’re too thin, you may be at a loss on how to gain weight. Instead of trying to gorge yourself with masses of sweet, rich, or fatty foods, choose high-calorie foods that provide energy and build muscle mass without all of the unhealthy fats that can cause you harm.

How to Get Started

The weight gain equation is pretty simple: consume more calories than you burn. If you have a high metabolism or exercise vigorously, you may be placing yourself at a calorie deficit if don’t eat to meet to your need.

If you don’t have a clue how many calories you burn per day, use an online calorie calculator to figure that out. Next, build a diet plan that exceeds that value.

The 3,500 calorie per pound rule has been used to set up diets. Based on the rule, is believed that reducing 500 calories per day is thought to result in a pound of fat loss or gain each week. But it’s not clear how accurate the 3500 calorie per pound rule actually is or how well it will work for setting up a weight-gaining diet.2

Adding roughly 500 calories each and every day—ideally with energy-dense foods and snacks—should give you the extra calories you need to increase your weight.

To make the plan work, eat smaller, more frequent meals throughout the day and use toppings (gravies, chopped nuts, ranch dressing) to add calories without bulk. To get your weight gain strategy started, here are eight nutritious, high-calorie (but still healthy) foods to add to your list:

1

 

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Bagels

Bagel
Verywell / Alexandra Shytsman

Bread and cereals, in general, are good sources of complex carbohydrates, such as starches and fiber that provide energy for your body. These are the types of carbs that are metabolized a little more slowly than simple carbs (like sugar).3

 

Bagels just happen to be extra calorie-dense. While one slice of white bread has about 70 calories, one small bagel has over 180 calories. Extra-large coffee shop bagels can have well in excess of 300 calories.4

Top your bagel with some nut butter (about 190 calories) and fruit spread (about 50 calories) and you’ll have yourself a tasty, energy-packed mid-morning snack that totals 420–540 calories.

Keep in mind that peanut butter is just one nut butter to try. You can experiment with other types of nut butter including almond butter or cashew butter. You can also try seed butters such as tahini or sunflower seed butter.

2

 

Pasta

Spaghetti
Verywell / Alexandra Shytsman

Pasta is another calorie-dense source of carbs that provides an ideal base for any number of meals. Simply add the sauce and you’re ready to go.

Two cups of cooked spaghetti has almost 400 calories. A cup of bolognese sauce adds no less than 160 calories. Sprinkle two tablespoons of parmesan cheese on top for another 45 calories, and you’ll find yourself with no less than 600 calories in one meal.

 

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Dried Fruit

Dried fruit
Verywell / Alexandra Shytsman

Give yourself a quick calorie boost by eating a handful or two of dried fruit. They have less volume than their fresh counterparts, so you can eat more in one go without feeling stuffed.

For example, one cup of raisins has around 400 calories compared to a full cup of fresh grapes, which has about 60 calories.4 Raisins are probably the most popular dried fruit, but you can also try dried berries, apricots, apples, cranberries, and even tropical fruits.

4

 

Healthy Oils

Olive oil
Verywell / Alexandra Shytsman

Adding extra fat to your food is an easy way to add calories, but you want to be sure to choose the fats and oils that are good for you.

Olive oil is rich in healthy monounsaturated fats and can add calories and flavor to pasta, bread, or vegetables. Canola oil is a great source of omega-3 (alpha-linolenic acid or ALA) and monounsaturated fats, making it a terrific, all-purpose cooking oil.5 Walnut and grape seed oils are lighter in flavor and perfect for dressing salads.

5

Avocados

Avocados are rich in monounsaturated fatty acids. plus they have vitamin K, potassium, and fiber. One avocado has more than 200 calories, so it’s a good way to add extra calories without sacrificing nutrition.4 Add avocado slices to your sandwiches or make guacamole to serve with baked tortilla chips. You can also add guacamole to soft shell tacos or burritos.

You might also want to try adding avocado to your favorite smoothie recipe. The mild flavor mixes well with ingredients like berries or chocolate.

6

 

Nuts and Seeds

Sunflower seeds
Verywell / Alexandra Shytsman

Nuts and seeds contain polyunsaturated fats that add healthy calories to your diet. Brazil nuts, almonds, walnuts, pecans, cashews, sunflower seeds, flax seeds, and pumpkin seeds are all good for you.5 Eat roasted nuts and seeds by the handful or sprinkled chopped nuts on top of ice cream, yogurt, or salads.

If you’re not keen about snacking on nuts, you can pack in extra calories with nut butter. One tablespoon of peanut butter, for example, has about 100 calories.4

7

 

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Granola

Granola
Verywell / Alexandra Shytsman

Make your own granola with any combination of dry whole-grain cereals, nuts, seeds, and dried fruits. Store your granola in an airtight container and serve it for breakfast. Pack some granola into small plastic containers that you can take with you on a busy day. For more flavor and calories, add dark chocolate chunks or peanut butter chips.

By having granola always on hand, you can constantly nibble and get your calories throughout the day rather than indulging in big meals.

8

 

Protein Bars

Organic Muesli Bars
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You can increase both your calories and protein intake with protein bars. Protein is especially important because it is what your body needs to build lean muscle.

You can often find high-calorie protein bars in drugstores with a fitness supplements section. While some people prefer protein shakes to protein bars, the former tends to make you fuller faster since it tends to be extra-rich in whey.

Don’t make the mistake of using protein bars as a replacement for meals. You will not get enough calories if you do. Instead, pack them in your purse, desk, or laptop bag so that they are always on hand for a midday snack.

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AFRICA

Health Benefits of Palm Wine

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Palm wine might be known as a tropical local alcoholic drink that has a sweet taste when freshly tapped and is enjoyed by as many that loved it either when sweet or sour, thus refreshing them all the time but it is really more than that!.

In as much as it does all of the above, most people still fail to understand that palm wine contains rich nutrients that provide the body with lots of amazing benefits which are discussed below.

Health Benefits of Palm Wine

Here are surprising health benefits of Palm wine you may not know

  1. Improves Eye Vision

This is one of the primary functions of palm-wine which many people are aware of but may not really know what nutrients actually do the work. The presence of the vitamins in palm wine such as vitamin C and B’s have a vital role which they play in improving eye vision.

While vitamin C helps in building the connective tissues of the body and the blood vessels of the eye preventing related eye problems like cataracts, macular degeneration, etc.,  Vitamin B1 and B12 help in solving vascular-related issues that concern the retina which could result in chronic inflammation and more.

Generally, vitamins help in keeping the eye healthy and reduces the chances of getting eye problems as much as possible.

Potassium also helps in keeping the eye healthy and moist as its deficiency can cause eye twitches or eye muscle spams as a result of eye dryness caused by the lack of potassium.

This benefits can’t be gotten from any other alcoholic beverage even those that promise it does, and this could be the sole reason people who live in the villages, especially our grandparents, tend to have better eyesight due to their intake of palm-wine which seems to be their top alcoholic drink.

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  1. Build the Body’s Structure

Protein is an essential nutrient which the body cannot do without, and palm wine contains lots of amino acids whose main function is to act as the building block of the macro-nutrient – Protein.

Thus, it helps in building and improving the body cells and as well help to store nutrients in the body which is vital for the functions of the body’s organ. It also plays a major role in the repairing of the body’s tissues, structures of the bones and muscles.

  1. Improves Hair and Skin

Palm wine does more than is expected of it, it contains nutrients that help in nourishing the skin, the hair and even the nails (fingers and toes alike), such as the vitamins, zinc, magnesium, and others which plays a very important role in the improvement.

It also helps in the promotion of new body cells by removing the dead cells in the body and replacing it, thereby giving the skin a soft, smooth and better appearance.

Health Benefits of Palm Wine

  1. Used to Treat Skin Rashes

In most places, palm wine can be used externally in the treatment of skin conditions such as rashes, eczema, etc., especially in small children. It is done by rubbing the affected areas with un-adultered palm wine, its content of vitamins will help soothe the skin and relieve such skin issues.

  1. Increases Breast Milk

This is one of the functions of palm wine in the body that most people especially those in the villages are aware of. Though it is widely believed that taking of palm wine help increase breast milk in lactating mothers but scientifically, it hasn’t be proven.

But still, that doesn’t make the saying all wrong as most of the diseases and cure for the treatment of various health conditions are from naturally occurring plants and vegetations which our forefathers have practically been using.

Palm wine has long served as the main beverage for lactating mothers in many African countries like Nigeria, Cameroon, etc., where it is mostly cultivated and can be easily gotten, and have been locally proven to help mothers whose breast milk are low by increasing the flow for adequate breastfeeding.

 

  1. Improves Heart Health

Its potassium content makes it a good source of drink to help combat various related cardiovascular diseases. Potassium is good for the body and helps it function better, and the expected level in the body is between 3.5 and 5 mmol/L.

It helps the nerves and muscles to function well and as such helps in normalizing the rate at which the heart beats and well helps in reducing or lowering the blood pressure.

Palmwine should be taken in moderation to provide the heart and the entire body with the potassium it needs as either too much (hyperkalemia) or low (hypokalemia) content of potassium in the body can cause irregular heartbeats which can lead to serious and deadly health problems.

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  1. Fights Cancer

Food rich in antioxidant properties is known to help in reducing cancer risk, as they help prevent oxidation processes in the body which could cause some chemical reactions in the body thereby leading to damages of vital organs and cells, ulcer, inflammation, etc.

Palm wine contains antioxidants that help prevent free radicals from damaging the cells in the body and fight cancer. An example of such antioxidants in palm wine is vitamin B2 (Riboflavin).

Nutritional Values of Palm Wine

It may not be surprising to say that palm wine contains sugar, bacteria and yeast (which causes fermentation), but it is surprising when nutrients like protein, carbohydrates, vitamin C, Amino acids, potassium, magnesium, zinc, iron, vitamin B’s are mentioned but it surely contains them all and even more yet to be proven.

Where Palm Wine can be found!

Palm wine is a common traditional alcoholic drink in tropical areas due to the favorable climate and is widely cultivated in West and Central Africa like Nigeria, the Caribbeans and Asia, and even some parts of South America.

In Nigeria, it is mainly found in tropical regions such as the Southeast, South-west, and South-south, and their favorable climate and weather condition is suitable for its growth in such areas.

Kinds of Palm Wine

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Most people may not know that palm wine comes in various tastes and flavors, especially as a result of geographical areas which can be attributed to many factors like soil type, climate condition, and others.

Majorly, the Nigerian palm wine is gotten from the oil palm tree and Raffia palm by palm wine tappers, but in various Africa countries and other areas where it is found, there could be other different types of palm.

  1. Palm wine from the oil palm tree is called “nkwu enu” in Igbo, “emu” in Yoruba.
  2. Another kind of palm known as “iti” is common in Anambra state and involving the tapping of palm wine from the stem of the oil palm tree, it is also known as Stem tapping.
  3. Raffia palm wine is tapped from the raffia tree and is known as “Ngwo” in Igbo, “Ukot” in Efik and “Ogoro” in Yoruba.
  4. Another type of palm wine is gotten from felling the palm tree and is known as “down-wine”, it is common inGhanaand in some parts of Cross River like Boki LGA but abolished by the government as it discourages forestation.

In some countries of the world, it is known with different names such as “Mbu” in Cameroon, “Ukwu or Ngwo” in Igbo (Nigeria),” Doka” in Ghana, “Panam culloo” in China, “Emu” in Yoruba (Nigeria), “Lambanog” in the Philippines, and more.

Side Effects

In as much as palm wine is vital for our health, and is being recommended by many because of its nutritional benefits, yet it should not be taken in excess especially when it has undergone fermentation.

As it can result in hypertension, neurological problems and can as well lead to failure of the body’s vital organs such as the liver and kidney, the alcohol content in fermented palm wine is 2 or 3 times more than that in other alcoholic drinks which gives the liver work overload while trying to detoxify the system.

Many local gins can be produced from palm wine too depending on the duration of the fermentation process which still has adverse reactions to the body when taken in excess.

Conclusion

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Palm wine is more than just a refreshing drink and is rich in minerals and vitamins that help to provide the body with the necessary nutrients which prevent deficiencies and improves the hair, skin, fight cancer, improve vision and promote heart health.

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FOOD & CUISINE

Cancer-causing foods and cancer-fighting foods to know

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Cancer-causing foods and cancer-fighting foods to know are our topic for today as it has become important to understand this. On your mission to better health, you may have come across articles about ‘cancer-fighting superfoods’ and ‘cancer-causing foods’. Unfortunately, these are often unsubstantiated or poorly researched so there is a lot of unreliable information online. So, how can people find reliable information on cancer-related nutrition?

We’re committed to providing you with reliable, substantiated facts so you can make the necessary changes to your lifestyle, from maintaining a healthy diet to kicking unhealthy habits. This article provides information on cancer-causing and cancer-fighting foods that are backed up by research from authoritative sources — such as the World Health Organization and Cancer Research UK — so that you can eat mindfully, understanding the carcinogenic or anti-carcinogenic properties of various foods.

Eating the right foods and filling your body with the minerals and nutrients it needs to thrive is not only beneficial for your dental and gut health, but it can also help reduce your chances of developing specific types of cancer.

Cancer causing foods

cancer-causing foods and cancer-fighting foods

1. Processed meat

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there is “convincing evidence” that processed meat causes cancer. Classified as a Group 1 carcinogen, it is connected specifically to colorectal and stomach cancer.

Examples of processed meats that have carcinogenic properties include: Frankfurter hotdogs, ham, sausages, corned beef, beef jerky and canned or lunch meat.

  • Alternatives: White fish, white meat such as chicken or turkey, or meat-substitutes such as Quorn, Tofu or Seitan.
cancer-causing foods and cancer-fighting foods

2. Red meat

Only marginally better for us than processed meat, red meat is classified as Group 2A, “probably carcinogenic to humans”. The strongest link between eating red meat and cancer is colorectal cancer, however, there is also evidence of links to both pancreatic and prostate cancer.

Cancer Council recommend that, to reduce your risk of cancer, you should eat no more than 65-100g of cooked red meat per week.

  • Alternatives: Swap red meat for beans, pulses, white meat or fish.

Barbecues and charred meat

“Some research suggests that burnt or charred meat may increase the risk of cancer. Substances called heterocyclic amines are formed in foods that are cooked at high temperatures and blackened or charred. In animal studies, heterocyclic amines are proven to cause cancer However, the evidence in human studies is not clear.”

Cancer Council

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cancer-causing foods and cancer-fighting foods

3. Alcohol

Many of us enjoy the occasional drink, some of us more than others. However, the medical advice is to reduce your alcohol intake to as little as possible. Alcohol is classified as a Group 1 carcinogen, which means there is sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in humans.

The forms of cancer that are particularly linked to alcohol consumption are cancer of the mouth, throat, oesophagus, breast, liver, stomach and bowel.

The cancer risk associated with alcohol is thought to be dose dependent in some forms of cancer. That is, consuming one glass of wine with dinner every now and then does not have as much of a negative effect as binge-consuming several units of alcohol in one sitting. In fact, one study suggests that moderate consumption of red wine can be linked to a lower overall mortality and reduced risk of coronary heart disease and stroke.

cancer-causing foods and cancer-fighting foods

4. Salted fish (Chinese style)

Salting is a traditional method of preserving food — especially fish — frequently used in South-East Asia and China. This method of preserving unfortunately results in the production of carcinogenic by-products, meaning it can cause cancer in humans. Chinese-style salted fish is a Group 1 carcinogen, like processed meat.

  • Alternatives:  Fresh fish or seafood such as prawns, mussels or squid.
cancer-causing foods and cancer-fighting foods

5. Sugary drinks or non-diet soda

Obesity is a major risk factor for several cancers, and as such it is important to maintain a healthy weight. This can be achieved through a balanced diet that incorporates all food groups. If consumed regularly, sugary drinks can lead to weight gain, and in excessive amounts, obesity.

cancer-causing foods and cancer-fighting foods

6. Fast food or processed foods

Greater body fatness is a cause of many cancers. The World Cancer Research Fund recommends limiting ‘fast foods’ and other processed foods high in fat, starches or sugars, as this helps control calorie intake and maintain a healthy weight.

  • Alternatives:  Homemade sandwiches on wholegrain bread, sushi or salads.

Not only can removing or reducing carcinogenic foods in your diet help reduce the risk of cancer, it can help you maintain a healthy weight, improve your focus and general well-being. For ideas on how to maintain a healthy diet while you’re at work, read 7 healthy eating tips for the office.

Cancer-fighting foods

cancer-causing foods and cancer-fighting foods

1. Fruit and vegetables

Cancer Council tell us that fibre-rich diets, that are achieved by eating adequate servings of fruit and vegetables every day can help prevent one in six bowel cancer cases. Eating the recommended five servings of fruit and veg a day can help to reduce your risk of oesophageal, lung and some forms of mouth and throat cancer.

cancer-causing foods and cancer-fighting foods

2. Tomatoes

Tomatoes contain high amounts of lycopene — a chemical which offers “moderate protection” against prostate cancer for those who consume large amounts of raw tomato. If you can introduce more tomato into your diet, be it raw, tinned or cooked, it decreases your chances of getting prostate cancer. This is particularly relevant to men over 50, as this is the age at which the risk of prostate cancer increases.

cancer-causing foods and cancer-fighting foods

3. Garlic

Not only does garlic add flavour to many meals, it is also anti-carcinogenic. According to research by Cancer Council Australia, high levels of allium vegetables (such as onions, garlic and shallots) reduce the risk of stomach cancer. They state that garlic “probably” protect against bowel cancer.

Add more garlic into your diet, by making fresh, homemade dishes for lunches and dinners rather than shop-bought ready meals. Meals like stir-fries, chicken hot pots (a warm broth with chicken, vegetables and noodles or potatoes cooked in a single pot), and oven-baked fish dishes can all be made using plenty of garlic.

cancer-causing foods and cancer-fighting foods

4. Citrus fruits

Research suggests that citrus intake may significantly reduce risk of esophageal cancer. A review looking at nine studies also found that a greater intake of citrus fruits was linked to a reduced risk of pancreatic cancer. Another review showed that a high intake of citrus fruit (at least three servings per week), reduced the risk of stomach cancer by 28%. To make sure you’re eating enough citrus fruits, try putting lemon slices in your tea, dressing a salad with lime and eat grapefruits for breakfast.

cancer-causing foods and cancer-fighting foods

5. Carrots

They may not help you see in the dark, but there is “suggestive evidence” that carrots can in fact, lower the risk of cervical cancer. High in vitamin A and antioxidants, carrots are also high in fibre, which can help keep you regular and minimise the risk of bowel cancer. To make sure you’re eating enough carrots, try eating snacks such as carrot sticks and hummus. A quick and tasty snack, they’re also easy to eat at your desk or on-the-go.

cancer-causing foods and cancer-fighting foods

6. Wholegrains

There is strong evidence that eating wholegrains helps to protect against colorectal cancer. Wholegrains contain dietary fibre and include brown rice, wholegrain bread, quinoa, spelt, rye and oats. As well as protecting against some types of cancer, they are also known to improve digestion and reduce cholesterol levels.

Original Article was on Aetna Website.

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