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HEALTH

Types of Infidelity and how to protect yourself

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Today we’ll be talking about a topic “Understanding affair types and Learning How to Protect Yourself”.

Having observed many couples and individuals struggle with affairs, the identification of the reason an affair happened and the type of affair your partner may be embroiled in is usually one of the major determinants that show if you or your partner will survive the aftermath of an affair.

I have seen many individuals going through a rough period in their marriages yet affairs were the furthest thing on their mind. However, for many others, having affairs was their way of coping with the kink in their relationship. The point I’m simply trying to bring out is this;

“People have affairs and blame it on the fact that a need wasn’t met in their marriage. This is wrong because affairs are choices (sometimes unconscious) based on life-long patterns”.      – Temple Obike, LMFT.

 

The advancements in the field of psychology are helping us understand the various affair types and how to identify them. The points below are condensed identifications of the various affair types. If you can understand why you cheated or were cheated on, you might just be able to save our relationship.

Types of Infidelity and how to protect yourself

 

AFFAIR TYPES:

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Affair Type 1 – Accidental Affair

This affair type is usually the one that blind-sides you. Your partner (or you) are on a business trip, at the office or just going along your merry way. You ventured into somewhere or find yourself in a situation that stirs up some emotional longings that generates erotic heat between you and someone. This is something that usually occurs when an individual decides to give themselves a relaxed time. That massage, catching a few drinks or being somewhere where no one knows you.

This sometimes occurs with someone known but most times it occurs with strangers. It is usually stirred by drinks or the use of recreational drugs. It’s not pre-planned or pre-meditated, has no emotional investment and has a very good chance of recovery.

 

Advice: If you find yourself in locations that afford you a measure of anonymity, set up extra layers of boundaries such as getting drinks back to your hotel room rather than drinking in open spaces or simply enjoy video calls with your significant other at times when you personally know you’re succeptible to loneliness or boredom. These video calls can have an unwritten rule that says “whoever falls asleep first can turn off the video”. This is a personal favorite for me as a traveling therapist because it’s a rule that’s been saving my marriage since 1602.

Affair Type 2 – The Avoidance Affairs

This affair type is the majority of what we have out there. You know you are embroiled in this when you find out you’re constantly using these terms. “we don’t have sex always”, “We argue all the time” etc.

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This affair type is with people who are generally nice. So nice that they will never have any conflict with you. It’s usually very predictable, lacks structure and most importantly gives you that feeling of being able to be your real self with the affair partner. If growing up you have faced issues such as neglect, shame, abandonment or interfaced with people who are toxic, it may turn you into someone who seeks out or enables this affair type.

Advice: The moment you begin feeling very free with someone of the opposite gender or believe they seem to understand you better than your partner or spouse, It’s the tipping point. Especially if you are married or in a committed relationship. Set up extra boundaries for yourself such as not being alone with the person or simply telling your partner about this person so you have an accountability partner

Affair Type 3 – Philanderer Affair

This is the consummate womanizer whose escapades has nothing to do with their partner. Their affairs look like conquests and have no emotional attachment. They regularly switch partners, have a sexist approach to gender discussions, they lie, they’re insecure and enjoy the concept of seduction. The key determining factor for this type of affair is that when they get caught, they do not feel humiliated but instead are pained by the new power their spouse has with the discovery of the affair.

 

Gay men, lesbians, heterosexuals etc. can all be philanderers. Their sexuality is fueled by ANGER and FEAR. This broad description pretty much points to the fact that everyone can be a victim of this affair type.

Advice: This affair type is purely voluntary and anyone involved in this needs to first make a deciscion to change, understand the origins of this behavior and then seek out help.

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Affair Type 4 – Entitlement Affairs

This affair type is usually long-term and the partner who strays most times has a measure of success. They are powerful, celebrities, charming and accomplished. It usually occurs in relationships where both partners are accomplished and professionals. When two partners begin to live separate lives, entitlement affairs are not far away.

The 3rd party affair partner is usually attracted to the aura and power of the straying partner and they most times have more things in common with the straying partner than their spouse does. These are the affairs that leave the straying partner feeling like their hard work and peak performing life entitles them to the perks and associated affairs it brings. Most narcissists will have entitlement affairs in their lifetime. These type are usually in a marriage triangle where they do not want to be married but also don’t want to be divorced. They sometimes are not very much into sex and marriage with its conjugal commitments becomes an issue for them.

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Advice: When you feel you deserve an affair owing to status, the first step is to again understand that this is a highly narcistic trait that stems from an insecurity. This level of understanding introduces the willingness to seek out the help you desire.

 

Affair Type 5 – The Split Self Affair

This affair type signals the marriage has very serious problems because the marriage issues aren’t usually the reason the affair happens but instead there is something stopping the cheating spouse from even beginning to work on the marriage. These types usually have affairs with people who give them a lot more than sex but instead provide validation, makes them feel special and needed. Individuals who have these types of affair have a 50% chance of either exiting their marriage or fixing their marriage.

These affairs begin from places of great value. It begins from religious congregations, the office, school, with people paid to exchange value (nannies, prostitutes, personal assistants etc). If your spouses affair partner is a man/woman who is younger than them, a man/woman with a challenging childhood or someone who works under your partner then it’s beyond sex but a need for something that isn’t present in the marriage. Reverse engineering these points is one of the therapists best shots at saving the marriage.

Advice: When you begin to develop feelings for someone who reports to or works for you, that isn’t a bad thing if you aren’t in a relationship or married. However if any of the mentioned scenarios are existing, this signals that your relationship is undergoing a tumultuous period. My advice is that you go back and work on your relationship or seek out help from a therapist or marriage counselor.

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Type 6: The Exit Affair

There are many marriages where one of the partners is ready to leave the marriage but are waiting for that one reason to finally make the move. You know this affair types when the marriage being understudied has built up so much resentment over the years, the partners are not willing to to meet each others needs and they got to a numb point where they erroneously believed that no quarrels meant all was well.

 

You can recognize this affair type when the children are now leaving home, active service/retirement from work is initiated or the end of a career has begun. In recent times, I also noticed that partners were secretly gay usually use this period to leave their marriage as they feel their life is almost at it’s twilight and they have just a few years to be truly themselves.

 

Advice: This is usually one of the most difficult affairs to get back from because clients who are usually at this point may have already decided to move on from their relationship. The affair was simply their motivation or reason for doing this. Therapy can help but like i mentioned, its usually a 50:50.

 

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Type 7: The Sex Addict Affair

This is an affair type that emanates from a serious problem where there’s a pattern of risky sexual behavior even if you can see the negative effects it’s having on your life. I will like to spend a little time on this affair type because many are in denial of the hold this affair type has on them.

Like any other addictions, even when you genuinely want to change you still discover that you cannot change. I have quietly watched people argue on the topic ” sex cant be as addictive as alcohol and substance abuse” and their arguments are based on the fact that there are no chemicals being introduced into the body as found in the cases of alcohol or drug addiction.

Unfortunately with sex addiction, it’s far worse because the body produces many hormones and neurotransmitters during sex that produces the same high a drug addict gets. This is the reason most other addictions will always lead to risky sexual behaviour or full-blown sex. Sex addicts are usually individuals who were abused, neglected or have a history of addiction somewhere in their family line. The shame and denial associated with sexual behavior has sometimes tightened the grasp of this addiction on those affected by it.

Individuals battling with sex addiction themed affairs are compulsive masturbators, watch porn, engage in risky sexual behaviour, have multiple sexual partners, frequent massage parlors(with happy endings 🙂) and keep loads of sexual paraphernalia that gives them more intense ways to explore/feed into this addiction.

What causes sexual addiction?

At the core of sex addiction lies tainted family history and associated shame, that mismanaged fear of intimacy and anger. Incest, avoidance of sex education, double-standards, sexual secrets, or sexual acting out by a parent (such as affairs or pornography use) are also other reasons an addiction to sex takes root.

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Due to the shame and fear I mentioned earlier, an individual addicted to sex will not seek out help but would rather initiate the dual life fueled by addiction. This speedily onboards other addictive behaviours making the victim feel trapped and hopeless.

 

How You Know This May Be Your Battle

1. You have had a pattern of extramarital affairs that were purely sexual in nature.

2. You can see your marriage going to ruins, you want to save it but the inner motivation to do this isn’t there.

3. You thought that getting married was going to help you solve this problem but instead you discovered that you only stopped for a while and the urge came back a few months after marriage. ( note: I have spoken to former sex workers, play boys, escorts who believed that marriage was the antidote only to discover that they had absolutely no control over the habit. If any of the descriptions I used applies to you, opt for therapy and refuse the urge to dose pain with drug use)

4. You tried to stop, succeeded for a whole but somehow its begun again.

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Below are a few questions that will help you know if you’re battling with sex addiction. If 3 to 4 of the points seem familiar, you can try and talk to a professional who could help you better understand where you are with this concern being discussed. There is no shame in it.

The following questions below may assist you in identifying possible signs of sex addiction.

1 Have you ever tried to stop a particular sexual behaviour?

2 Is your sexual behaviour making you compromise some good personal values you have?

3 Does sexual or erotic desires/ thoughts preoccupy your mind at productive times of day?

4 Does your sexual behaviour make you feel bad?

5 Do you neglect important aspects of your life due to a particular sexual behaviour i.e job, family, friends or leisure activities.

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6 Do you use erotic, romantic or sexual fantasies as an escape from your problems?

7 Have you ever or recently used the internet for erotic or sexual purposes?

8 Does your sexual behavior cause constant friction into your life?

9 Have you ever participated in sexual activity in exchange for money or gifts?

If you answered YES to three or more of the above questions you may have a problem with sex addiction.

Advice: Simply get help because an addiction to sex is a serious concern that has the ability to damage the individual, their health and their relationship. Get across to a therapist near you, sign a client confidentiality form and enroll for a recovery programme.

This is where I’d love to conclude today’s discussion. I believe we’ve been able to clearly distinguish between the various affair types and hopefully know that there is no shame in seeking help if you are having an affair. Don’t wait until you are caught to get help.

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Written by Temple Obike

A licensed marriage and family therapist, speaker and psychotherapist who has counseled over six hundred clients comprising couples, indikviduals, substance, sexual or physical abuse victims and grief-stricken clients. He runs his private travel psychotherapy & counseling practice in Lagos, Abuja and Port-Harcourt providing mental health solutions.

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HEALTH

9 Top Foods To Stop Premature Ejaculation And Foods To Avoid

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Are you not able to hold the erection earlier than you and your partner would like? Beware! You likely suffer from premature ejaculation. Sex, therefore, may not be fulfilling for your partner and you. Although it is not corporally threatening, couples felt disappointed and humiliated.

Besides, in men, it can also contribute to low self-esteem. You may experience erectile dysfunction if you feel nervous, depressed, recovering from an injury, or have a hormonal imbalance. 1 out of 3 men may encounter this condition at some stage in their lives, according to studies.

You should see your andrologist and receive adequate care. You will improve low libido by avoiding feeling shy or ashamed and reaching out for professional sexologist support as soon as possible.

There can be many causes of premature Ejaculations. It can be biological, psychological, or even because of an injury in your penile. If you have just started seeing the symptoms of premature ejaculation and you are at an early stage of sexual disease, then there are some natural ways to cure it.
Following the proper food guide and indulging in a few sets of exercises has helped many to cure certain dysfunction. Premature Ejaculation can also be cured if you follow a healthy diet and include aphrodisiac food in your daily routine.

You may start with a super premature ejaculation foods i.e. Garlic; it is filled with aphrodisiac properties and will assist you in expanding the length of your intercourse without premature ejaculation. Thanks to this anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory plant that will help improve your blood circulation. Try to eat one clove of garlic daily, but don’t go overboard.

Premature Ejaculation Foods You Must Eat

Taking asparagus, carrots, and food rich in vitamin A and C in your daily diet can help curb premature ejaculation. Below is the list of food items that have helped many to cure early climax problems. These premature ejaculation food items maintain the blood flow and hormonal level, which helps you to take control of the excitement and ejaculation.

1. Have asparagus in your diet

food for Premature ejaculation , especially asparagus, is jam-packed with high vitamin A, which is essential for testosterone control. Vitamin C is also abundant in asparagus, which can allegedly increase your sperm count and raise your blood pressure. You should boil the plant’s roots in milk and drink it. Doing so will help you in a better way to regulate your penile muscles.

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2. Load up on carrots

Carrots are filled with antioxidants and beta-carotene, which, during intercourse, can increase blood flow to the genitals. Thus, when you eat boiled carrots with honey and egg, you could curb premature ejaculation. Do not forget to give this remedy a try!
You can opt for Oatmeal.
When you add Oatmeal to your diet, you will increase the testosterone levels in the bloodstream. No other premature ejaculation food is better than Oatmeal at calming your penis muscles and strengthening you and energizing you.

3. You can opt for watermelon.

A phytonutrient called citrulline is borne by watermelons, which can help improve your libido. You may eat slices of watermelon or add this premature ejaculation food to your fruit salad, and you can see beneficial effects.

4. You can combine ginger and honey.

We consider ginger and honey to be aphrodisiacs, and they can increase libido and boost your performance when they are combined. You can grate the ginger and apply it to something homely. Have this mixture, then, and you will soon be able to see the difference.

5. Go for green onions.

In nature, green onion seeds are aphrodisiac and can assist in reducing premature ejaculation. The seeds will increase your sexual capacity, power, and stamina. So, with water, mix some crushed green onion seeds and drink the magical solution.

6. Go Bananas!

Bananas are potassium-rich. This refers to the management of blood flow. They also produce an enzyme called bromelain, which helps to increase libido and minimize premature ejaculation.
Not only does eating bananas regularly increase your endurance, but it also raises your levels of stamina and low testosterone. Boosting the sperm count is also known.

7. Opt for Avocado

We also know the avocado as the miracle fruit and is very helpful for your wellbeing. It is rich in vitamins that assist in blood flow regulation.
Avocado also comprises several healthy fats that give you an energy boost, as well as folic acid. It also helps with metabolic processes.

This PE food also helps to cure retrograde ejaculation problems, Delayed ejaculation problems, and painful ejaculation problems.

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8. Load Up on Walnuts

Walnuts are excellent and nutritious. They are high in fat, nutrition, vitamins, and minerals that are good for you. They have high antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and omega-3 properties. To boost your general wellbeing, this profile helps. They help alleviate male infertility, erectile dysfunction, and men’s penis problems.
As a snack between your meals, eating walnuts frequently can also help increase sperm and mobility quality.

9. Eat Dark Chocolate

American author E. Lockhart referred to dark chocolate as “white chocolate.” Sweet, intense. Not deep though. Okay, but not to get serious about prom dates or flings. Milk chocolates are like guys you might date for a couple of months, and dark chocolates are for love.
The Dark Chocolates are also for passion. They are filled with micronutrients that make them a potent aphrodisiac. Munching on them will make you feel good about yourself and feel sensual. It releases endorphins that lower the levels of stress and anxiety.
It doesn’t stop there alone. Dark chocolate can positively influence you’re well being. This is one of the most potent sources of antioxidants.

Food to Avoid to Cure Premature Ejaculation

Premature Ejaculation occurs when you cannot control the excitement, and you come quickly. We can assume it is a very high sex drive and high level of testosterone or low libido and low testosterone levels, responsible for it. In both cases what we require is an optimal level of testosterone. To maintain erection we should stop the following food items

  • Avoid sugar and starchy food
  • Avoid smoking and drinking
  • Avoid Junk Food
  • Avoid stress and depression.

Pelvic bones with no strength and control can also contribute to the quick release of cum. In such cases, we suggest avoiding huge intakes of food that increase testosterone levels and sexual drive.

Take Away

Premature Ejaculation Treatment At IASH

Treatment for premature ejaculation usually depends upon the man’s relationship status and the cause of the condition (whether it is lifelong or acquired). There are several treatments available for premature ejaculation including SEX THERAPY, BEHAVIORAL TECHNIQUES, PELVIC FLOOR REHABILITATION PROGRAM( PELVIC GYM), TOPICAL THERAPY (use of lignocaine based sprays over the penis), ORAL MEDICINES, and SURGERIES.

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BUSINESS

STRIKE: NAFDAC may lose WHO maturity level 3, ISO certifications

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Following the ongoing strike action embarked upon by the Medical and Health Workers Union of Nigeria (MHWUN), National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) branch, almost three weeks ago, the agency may lose all the certifications it got from the World Health Organisation (WHO) and other global bodies, The AUTHORITY has learnt.

It would be recalled that MHWUN NAFDAC branch began an indefinite strike on Wednesday, June 22, 2022, for many reasons including welfare. It would also be recalled that NAFDAC staff went on strike in 2014, 2015 and 2016 on the same issues.

NAFDAC achieved the ISO 9001 in June 2019, and also got the WHO High Maturity Level 3 in March, 2022.

With the Maturity Level 3 certification, it means that any product produced by NAFDAC will be recognized as meeting the WHO standard globally.

At a recent media briefing in Abuja, the Director General NAFDAC, Prof. Mojisola Adeyeye, disclosed that her agency had since commenced work to attain Maturity Level 4 status.

All these successes, our findings have shown, will go down to the drain due to the ongoing strike embarked upon by the workers of the agency.

Findings from a dependable top source at NAFDAC disclosed that before the WHO and other global bodies gave the ISO certification and the Maturity Level 3, three components were examined and considered before the approval.

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The top source who pleaded anonymity, disclosed that the three components that were considered include one; staff retention and sustainability, two;  staff welfare, three; there must be mentoring.

However, the source expressed concern that following the strike, all the three components can now be considered at zero.

The source explained that because of the prolonged strike: “The staff welfare is zero, staff retention and sustainability is zero and mentoring is zero.

“This strike has really shown that there is no welfare, no retention and sustainability.

“Today if the workers decide to write to the world regulatory bodies, they can withdraw all these approvals and certifications and NAFDAC  will have to start from the scratch.”

Following this development, a reliable source at the Federal Ministry of Health disclosed that the management of the ministry is not satisfied with the actions taken by Director General of the NAFDAC, Prof. Mojisola Adeyeye,  to resolve the issues so that the workers can go back to work.

The source who pleaded not to be named because she is not authorized to talk on the matter said that the ministry is worried that instead of making efforts to resolve the strike, the NAFDAC Director General decided to travel abroad.

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“NAFDAC is a very sensitive agency. Many things in the country including safety of foods and drugs will get bad within this period due to the strike.

“We are concerned that instead of her working day and night to resolve the issues, she decided to stay away. The last time we were looking for her, we were told that she is outside the country. Who is she expecting to go and resolve the issues for her?

“In fact, we are not happy with her. She is lucky that the current minister is a patient person if not that could have cause her that position. But who knows what may happen in the days ahead if she did not sit up,” the source said.

However, speaking with our correspondent on telephone, the Chairman of the MHWUN, NAFDAC branch, Anzuka Peters, said that the union tried to ensure that the strike is averted but that the management was not willing to resolve the issues.

Responding to a question on some of the issues under contention, Peters said: “One of the reasons why we are on strike is that we have promotion areas of five years including 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021 and now 2022.

“Secondly is the issue of salaries. NAFDAC workers currently have no salary scale. They migrated us from Consolidated Health Salary Structure (CONHESS) to Research and Allied Salary Structure (CONRASS) which is alien to NAFDAC. NAFDAC  is not a research institute. “That makes many workers to loose over N100,000 to N200,000. Others N50,000 depending on one’s rank. The least some people lose is 30,000 naira. That problem has not been solved.

“The federal government said they are ready to implement our Consolidated NAFDAC salary structure but that there was no money.

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“They therefore, advised us to go and look inward in our revenue whether we can get some allowances that will be in commensurate terms with the salary we are asking for.

“We sat and created regulatory allowance, hazard allowance which we increased from 10 per cent to 30 per cent and other allowances which we arrived at a conclusion and we all agreed. But the management seems not ready to implement any agreement.”

Responding on the possibility of losing the WHO certifications and the Maturity Level 3 due to the strike action, the NAFDAC Media Consultant, Sayo Akintola, said that the WHO Team that conducted the assessment using its  Global Benchmarking Tools that qualified NAFDAC for Maturity Level 3 commended the agency on the significant progress in the implementation of recommendations across the regulatory functions.

According to him: “Staff welfare was a key  WHO-GBT used in assessing NAFDAC. The ML3 rating for Nigeria is for medicines regulation and  vaccines.

“It’s impossible for the certification to be withdrawn over workers’ strike. Worker agitation for improved welfare is a global phenomenon.  It’s a legitimate demand and management of NAFDAC is on top of the situation as negotiations with the union leaders are ongoing and they are making progress.

“Staff welfare has been paramount on the heart of the DG and she’s doing everything humanly possible to enhance the welfare of her staff whom she always commends for the milestones she has been able to achieve in the agency.”

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HEALTH

Encouraging Employees to Reduce Carbon Footprint

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Business operations, from production to transportation, all contribute to a company’s environmental impact. Unfortunately, the workplace accounts for a considerable portion of greenhouse gas emissions. The carbon footprint of offices and sites is a major source of greenhouse gases.

As businesses reopen and people resume their daily commutes, now is an excellent opportunity to consider how your company can minimize its carbon footprint. This will not just have a positive impact on the environment but can also lower operational costs and benefit your business.

Fighting climate change through a more carbon-neutral office is attainable with the combined effort and action of your managers and employees. Minimize your carbon footprint at work and encourage your employees to do the same by following these simple measures.

Use energy-saving office equipment

The use of office equipment is a large and growing source of energy consumption. You can help reduce your carbon footprint and other greenhouse gases by utilizing energy-efficient office equipment, appliances, and light fixtures that emit fewer harmful gases into the environment.

Use laptops instead of desktop computers because they consume up to 80% less energy. Choose all-in-one printers, copiers, and scanners that use only half the energy that the individual machines would collectively.

Take advantage of your device’s energy-saving settings, which allow you to adjust the display options, screen brightness, and sleep mode timing to save even more energy and extend battery life. Unless they are required to be left on, always switch off computers and monitors at the end of the day.

Using energy-saving light bulbs is another option to minimize your office’s energy use. LED and fluorescent light bulbs consume less energy than incandescent light bulbs.

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Promote a paperless culture

The manufacturing of paper products emits greenhouse gases, which contribute to deforestation and global warming. Recycling can help mitigate some of the adverse effects on the environment, but only to a certain extent. The vast majority of paper eventually ends up in a landfill. By reducing your reliance on paper, your business may contribute to the environment’s health.

Moreover, ink, toners, and ink cartridges contain potentially dangerous compounds that, when incorrectly disposed of, pollute water and soil, contributing to the spread of ecological devastation. It also takes more than three quarts of oil, a nonrenewable energy source, to produce a laser printer and inkjet cartridges.

If you must print, make sure you do it on both sides. Doing so will slash your annual paper consumption by half, as well as the harmful gases produced in the process.

Encourage employees to use note-taking apps to take digital notes. Adopt electronic signatures—make it simple to collect digital signatures on contracts and legal documents instead of printing, signing, faxing, and storing them physically. Use electronic communications such as Google Docs, Microsoft Teams, Slack, and Trello for collaboration, project management, and business notifications.

 

Encouraging Employees to Reduce Carbon Footprint

Participate in carbon offsetting

Join the organizations committing to net-zero by 2050 and identify strategies to minimize your company’s carbon emissions year after year. It’s challenging to reduce your carbon footprint to zero, but there are techniques to offset, or at least try to counteract, any greenhouse gases you do produce.

Various marketplaces provide a wide range of corporate offset options. Your organization can consider financing renewable energy programs and projects that help people in developing countries or tree-planting projects that benefit the environment.

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When considering different types of carbon offsets, keep in mind that not all marketplaces and offsets are created equal.

Eat mindfully and reduce office kitchen waste

Food waste and other waste generated in office kitchens contribute significantly to carbon emissions. Wastage also involves squandering all the energy and resources expended to grow, produce, package, and transport food. Furthermore, rotting food that’s been thrown out releases methane, another greenhouse gas.

Buy and prepare food conservatively and consciously. Encourage employees to bring a packed lunch to work every day, reduce food waste by eating leftovers from dinner, or buy food with fair trade labels that ensure the environment and workers’ rights are protected.

Consider setting up a composting bin, supplying reusable dishes and utensils, buying recycled and compostable napkins and other disposables, and replacing water bottles with a tap water filter.

Take public transportation or carpool

Private vehicles are one of the most significant sources of carbon emissions. If everyone in your workplace drives their own car to work, your company’s carbon footprint will increase. Reduce your organization’s carbon footprint by encouraging your employees to take public transportation or carpool with colleagues.

Taking public transportation instead of driving will not only save your employees thousands of dollars annually but also brings considerable environmental benefits. Switching to public transit for a 20-mile round trip commute can reduce your carbon footprint by 4,800 pounds each year.

You can also reduce energy use, greenhouse gas emissions, and traffic congestion by carpooling. Employees that carpool may also benefit from less stressful commutes, shared travel costs, and preferential parking at work.

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Some (final) thoughts

Sustainable business practices can yield substantial rewards for the environment and your organization. By following the steps outlined above, your business can minimize its carbon footprint, save money and resources, and attract environmentally conscious customers and employees.

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AFRICA

#GiveitaShot Challenge – A Campaign to Boost Covid-19 Vaccines in Africa

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Cape Town — As coronavirus cases surge in Africa, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) kicked off an eight-week campaign to help boost Covid-19 vaccinations across Africa.

UNICEF said the first-ever U-Report Challenge calls on all 13.3 million U-Reporters in Africa to help get vaccines to the unvaccinated.

According to UNICEF, the #GiveitaShot challenge aims to activate young people in motivating those eligible in their communities to get vaccinated. It is estimated that about 10 percent of the adult population on the continent are vaccinated.

UNICEF said the campaign will initially focus on six countries on the continent, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. It added that weekly messages will be sent on U-Report to encourage young people to learn about Covid-19 vaccines. They will be engaged in community actions (both online and offline).

Fake news on the Covid-19 pandemic has led to vaccine hesitancy worldwide. “We’re not just fighting an epidemic; we’re fighting an infodemic,” Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the Director-General of the World Health Organization said, referring to fake news that, he said, spreads faster and more easily than the Covid-19 virus.

However, concern about safety, side effects, and effectiveness contribute to vaccine hesitancy in Africa. According to the Africa CDC study, people with high levels of hesitancy were more likely to use social media and to be exposed to disinformation.

U-Report is a messaging tool that empowers young people around the world to engage with and speak out on issues that matter to them via  SMS, Facebook Messenger,  WhatsApp, and other communication channels. It is active in 88 countries worldwide, with 19.3 million U-Reporters all over the world. According to UNICEF, Covid-19 information and advocacy messages is packaged and disseminated to U-Reporters users.

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Nigerian and South African celebrities and U-Report supporters, Kate Henshaw and Maps Maponyane, are teaming up with the global agency on the initiative.

“Africa has been battling Covid-19 for two years now,” Kate Henshaw said. “At a time of Omicron, it is more important than ever to get vaccines to the unvaccinated.” “If we want to combat misinformation, it is key to mobilize the continent’s U-Reporters and provide much-needed information on Covid-19 vaccines to save people’s lives”, Maps Maponyane added in a UNICEF report.

AllAfrica’s Andre van Wyk spoke with South African TV and media personality and UNICEF South Africa Advocate Maps Maponyane on the #GiveItAShot challenge.

What was the main motivation for you to become a supporter of U-Report Challenge? 

I am a supporter of the U-Report Challenge because I believe it will play a pivotal role in ensuring that all youth are well informed about the Covid-19 vaccine and will be encouraged to engage in the challenge on the platform. If we have as many youths as possible who have more knowledge about the Covid-19 pandemic and vaccines, this will help to curb infection and transmission rates and U-Report is at the centre of this solution.

How will the U-Report Challenge counteract vaccine misinformation on social media? 

The #GiveItAShot challenge is about providing factual information about Covid-19 vaccines to improve confidence in the vaccine and in turn to motivate young people to vaccinate and to encourage those eligible in their community to get vaccinated. The challenge packages and disseminates Covid-19 information and advocacy messages via U-Report, Goodwall (an app) , social media and broadcast media channels, amplified by UNICEF ambassadors and other influencers. decision-makers. Counteracting misinformation on social media also relies on young people themselves to share factual information and the challenge will mobilise youth to become agents of change in their communities promoting vaccinations, raising awareness on Covid-19 and providing learning opportunities.

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Do you think influencers/celebrities have a greater role to play in promoting vaccine acceptance? 

I think influencers and celebrities have a greater role to play in promoting vaccine acceptance because young people turn to them for inspiration and to be part of the impactful work and initiatives that they engage in. It’s important that we use our platform for accurate and positive messaging regarding vaccines. Ultimately if everyone is better protected from Covid-19, livelihoods will also be protected as we return to more normality and that’s beneficial to everyone. So many of us have been affected one way or the other by the effects of Covid-19, and using our platforms and influence to advocate for vaccine acceptance is so crucial in creating a safer environment and community for ourselves and our loved ones.

What is more important or effective: infection-acquired immunity or vaccine-acquired immunity? 

We are still learning about how long immunity to Covid-19 lasts from natural infection, and from vaccination. We are now starting to see evidence that the immunity you get after having Covid-19 can be strong. However, the type of immunity that’s developed after infection varies from person to person, making it less predictable than immunity after vaccination. Scientists are working hard to understand this better. * What we do know is that COVID-19 is a life-threatening disease that can have long-term consequences. We also know that the WHO-authorised Covid-19 vaccines have been safely given to billions of people. It is much safer to get vaccinated than it is to risk getting Covid-19. Get vaccinated as soon as it’s your turn and keep doing everything you can to protect yourself and others.

Do you think the government has made progress in the past year in the fight against Covid-19? 

The deaths of more than 95,000 people in South Africa is a tragedy for every family affected. But progress in tackling Covid-19 is being made. More than 30 million people, nearly half the population, have now received a Covid-19 vaccine dose, and UNICEF and partners continue to work to increase that number, particularly among young people, which is why the Give It A Shot challenge is so important.

Does Africa’s lower rate of access to the Internet risk the continent having a long struggle against the pandemic?

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UNICEF and partners have worked on behavior change and vaccination campaigns in countries across Africa for many years. Routine childhood immunization has saved millions of young lives from preventable but deadly diseases, such as measles and polio. The Internet provides extraordinary opportunities to reach people with factual and accurate information but can also breed mis- and dis-information, which in turn needs to be tackled and overcome. However, getting accurate information about how to protect yourself against Covid-19 and getting shots into arms also relies on traditional and community media, as well as primary healthcare centers and mobile health services. Through such services, we continue to work to tackle the Covid-19 pandemic and broader health issues.

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